The move will “safeguard China’s interests and balance”, according to Beijing.
President XI plans also to place 15 percent tariffs on nuts, fresh and dried fruit, as well as rolled steel bars.
The imposition of tariffs is due to China’s theft of foreign intellectual property – and a historical trade imbalance between the two nations.
Trump insisted “trade wars are good,” and that it will be “easy” for the USA to beat China.
“Example, when we are down $100 billion with a certain country and they get cute, don’t trade anymore-we win big. It’s easy!”
American authorities have already announced plans to further place tariffs on Chinese imports.
The EU is famously protectionist, ratcheting up tariffs against often less prosperous non-EU countries.
Prime Minister Theresa May has tried to use her influence to oppose the erection of trade barriers in Europe and America, as has Trade Secretary Liam Fox.