The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) says Nigeria currently ranks third globally in cyber crimes behind the UK and the U.S., losing estimated N127 billion in 2015 alone.
Umar Danbatta, NCC’s chief executive officer, disclosed this Tuesday in Lagos at the ongoing 2017 annual general conference of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) themed “African Business: Penetrating through Institution Building”.
According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), Danbatta as a panelist at a breakout session with the sub-theme: “The Business of cyber law, Internet policy and privacy rights”, moderated by Augustine Alegeh (SAN) a former NBA president, said the number of internet users in Nigeria has hit 91.6 million, adding that about N127 billion was the estimated loss to cybercrime in Nigeria in 2015.
“Nigeria ranks third in global internet crimes behind the UK and U.S.,” he said, adding that a critical factor militating against Africa’s economic resurgence is the weakness of its institutions.
He equally disclosed that Nigeria ranks 169 out of 199 on the World Bank’s ease of doing business rankings.
“We are in a middle of a revolution and the rise of what we call the networked society,” he noted, saying that the NCC stipulates the laws of engagement that will make the cyberspace safe and ensure the confidence as well as the safety of the cyberspace.
“There are benefits and risks of the use of cyberspace and both has to be properly managed,” he pointed out.
NAN reports that other panelists at the breakout session include Bayo Adekanmi, chief transformation officer at MTN Nigeria and Ibikun Abidoye, legal counsel of Chocolate City Group.
Others are Sascha Grimme, associate solicitor at Cooley LLP, a UK-based Lawfirm; and Bisi Adebutu of Premier Lotto, also known as ‘Baba Ijebu.’
In his remarks, Adebutu gave insight into the challenges Premier Lotto is facing in conducting transactions on the cyberspace.
“Premier Lotto has moved from the streets to the Internet, we have faced certain challenges including paying those who do business with us,” he said, adding that the cyber laws are not favourable to his business, Premier Lotto, which ranks as the fourth most visited site in the country.
“We have no easy way of verifying or identifying the owner of cards used to transact business. In Nigeria, the business of giving is just emerging, and it is important that we respect the privacy of our clients when they interact with us through the use of usernames and passwords,” he pointed out.
He said gaming is very popular on the Internet and fraud is one to the challenges the industry faces, that when an individual trying to perpetuate fraud identified his access is immediately blocked.
“We also have challenges of having to discipline offenders and the cyber laws have to be properly identified and implemented to appropriately punish offenders,” Adebutu said.
In her contributions, Grimme said threats and perpetrators of cyber crimes and the motives behind the cyber attacks have to be properly identified.
“There are challenges in identifying perpetrators of cyber crimes; even when identified, there have been instances where they stay in different jurisdictions making prosecution difficult.”
Adekanmi on his part noted that there is an ongoing online revolution happening in modern times, and that online security was very important.
“There is going to be what I call a technology apocalypse, you will wake up one day and someone is living your life somewhere. Someone once said that identity theft is worse than kidnapping, there is a thin line between privacy and security in modern business,” the MTN executive said.
Abiloye, who discussed copyright challenges in the nation’s music industry, said the general perception of copyright is that its incentive is to encourage people to create.
“There is a public slant to copyright; there are a lot of cases about unfair use of copyright. In Nigeria, we have an endorsement culture and there have been instances where individuals use unauthorised images to promote a product,” she noted, adding that Internet and technology are moving at a pace faster than the music industry.
During the session, Folake Solanke, the first female senior advocate of Nigeria, queried the MTN executive and the NCC CEO on what actions the organisations were taking about unapproved phone charges as a result of unsolicited text messages.
Responding, Adekanmi said some of the developments are beyond technology companies.
We download a lot of free apps on our mobile phones. We get these apps for free but unknown to a lot of people, it is actually in exchange for our personal information which are then given to advertising companies.” The MTN executive said using the popular app Truecaller to buttress his point.
He said that the app has a large database of names and other personal information of users, which are accessed by third parties for advertising.
Danbatta, in response to Solanke’s question, said the NCC launched a campaign on March 15 to provide a solution to unsolicited text messages.
“We have provided a facility to stop subscribers from receiving unsolicited text messages as well as a facility for subscribers to subscribe to text messages.
“Send STOP to 2442 to unsubscribe to text messages; if the messages keep coming, dial 622 which is a toll-free number and the NCC will wade into the matter and ensure those messages stop,” he said.