The world’s big four audit firms, KPMG, Deloitte, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and Ernst and Young (EY), which also have strong presence in Nigeria, could be heading for a shake-up in the United Kingdom if that country’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) have their way.
The CMA has, indeed, called for a major shake-up at the auditing firms, stopping short of an outright recommendation that they be broken up.
In final recommendations that echoed its provisional findings, the CMA ignored calls from parliamentarians earlier this month to break them up.
Instead, the regulator outlined four proposals designed to loosen their stranglehold on the sector, including an operational separation between the audit and non-audit arms of KPMG, Deloitte, PwC and EY.
Auditing departments should be split from their often much larger consultancy businesses to improve focus and quality on challenging audits, the CMA said.
More choice and competition should also be introduced to the market through a mandatory joint audit, allowing challenger firms to work alongside the big four.
It recommends that a joint audit procedure would remain in place until choice has improved sufficiently to “address the vulnerability of the market to the loss of one of the big four”.
It also called for a regulator to hold company “audit committees more vigorously to account”, including public reprimands for those that fall short of adequate scrutiny from auditors.
A five-year review of progress by the regulator should also take place to periodically review the effects of these changes.
The call for change comes amid a period of intense scrutiny following the collapses of Carillion and BHS.
It comes after last year’s review of the Financial Reporting Council by Legal & General chairman Sir John Kingman, which called for the audit watchdog to be scrapped and be replaced by a new regulatory body.
Lord Tyrie, CMA chairman, said: “People’s livelihoods, savings and pensions all depend on the auditors’ job being done to a high standard.
“But too many fall short – more than a quarter of big company audits are considered sub-standard by the regulator. This cannot be allowed to continue.
“The Government now has three reports to hand. In large part, they come to similar conclusions.
“Conflicts of interest cannot be allowed to persist; nor can the UK afford to rely on only four firms to audit Britain’s biggest companies any longer.”
In 2016-17, EY, PwC, KPMG and Deloitte accounted for 97% of FTSE 350 audits and 99% of FTSE 100 audits.
Andrea Coscelli, CMA chief executive, added: “We look forward to supporting the Government as it considers how best to take forward these changes through legislation, alongside Sir John Kingman’s recommendations on regulation and the results from Sir Donald Brydon’s review on the quality and effectiveness of audit.”
John Allan, CBI president, said: “The UK’s position as a world leader on corporate governance is highly-prized. But with the eyes of the world on the UK, some CMA proposals risk damaging that reputation.
“Mandating joint audits will add cost and complexity for business with no guarantee of better outcomes. Operational splits could restrict access to the skills required to carry out complex audits.”
Chairman of the Commons business, energy and industrial strategy committee, Rachel Reeves, said: “We welcome the CMA’s recommendations aimed at addressing what are serious failings in the audit market and ending the stranglehold of the Big Four.
“We agree that it is high time that their audit work is separated out from their consultancy services to tackle the conflicts of interest that have persisted for too long.”
Ian Peters, chief executive of the chartered institute of internal auditors, added: “We welcome the proposal to separate external audit from non-audit services to raise standards, eliminate potential conflicts of interest and ensure the independence of external auditors to reduce the risk of another Carillion style collapse.”