The Bank of England said on Thursday that Brexit uncertainty had “intensified considerably” over the last month but falling oil prices were likely to push inflation below its 2 percent target soon, helping to support the economy.
But there were signs of unease about the turmoil surrounding Britain’s divorce from the European Union.
BoE officials trimmed their forecast for British quarterly economic growth in the last three months of 2018 to 0.2 percent from 0.3 percent and said the picture in early 2019 was likely to be similar.
“Brexit uncertainties have intensified considerably since the committee’s last meeting,” the Monetary Policy Committee said in a summary of its December meeting.
“These uncertainties are weighing on UK financial markets.”
A global slowdown was also dragging Britain’s economy and had started sooner than they expected, BoE officials said.
James Smith, an economist with ING bank, said the BoE’s tone had turned more cautious even as it stuck to its position that it expected to resume raising interest rates if Britain could avoid a damaging no-deal Brexit.
“The general message remains largely the same: they would prefer to be tightening sooner rather than later, but Brexit is going to stop them doing that for quite some time,” he said.
British government bond prices drifted slightly higher after Thursday’s decision while the value of the pound edged down against the U.S. dollar.
While the BoE maintained its view that domestically-generated price pressures were building, a drop in crude oil prices was likely to push down the headline rate of consumer price inflation to around 1.75 percent in January.
Inflation was likely to remain below target in the following months.
Also potentially helping the economy further out, the BoE said tax and spending measures announced in October by Finance Minister Philip Hammond would provide a modest boost to growth of around 0.3 percentage points over the next few years.
Most economists polled by Reuters do not expect the BoE to raise rates again until after Britain’s scheduled departure from the EU in March.